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Cancer Advice and Information

CancerAdvice.org is here to offer advice and support to cancer patient and preventive measures to the public. This site has a large variety of information on different types of cancer to inform you of the serious medical issue that strikes people of all ages, gender and ethnic backgrounds. Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these cells to invade other tissues, there are different types of cancers and CancerAdvice.org is here to address them in depth and help you get information on how to fight or prevent. Many forms of cancer are associated with exposure to environmental factors such as tobacco smoke, radiation, alcohol and certain viruses, this site is here to help inform you of there environmental risks so that you can take the preventive measures necessary to reduce your risk of cancer.

History of Cancer:

The medical term for malignant tumors today is carcinoma, it is derived from epithelial cells. It is Celsus who translated carcinos into the Latin cancer, also meaning crab. Galen used "oncos" to describe all tumours, the root for the modern word oncology.

Hippocrates described several kinds of cancers. He called benign tumours oncos, Greek for swelling, and malignant tumours carcinos, Greek for crab or crayfish. This name probably comes from the appearance of the cut surface of a solid malignant tumour, with a roundish hard center surrounded by pointy projections, vaguely resembling the shape of a crab. He later added the suffix -oma, Greek for swelling, giving the name carcinoma. Since it was against Greek tradition to open the body, Hippocrates only described and made drawings of outwardly visible tumors on the skin, nose, and breasts. Treatment was based on the humor theory of four bodily fluids (black and yellow bile, blood, and phlegm). According to the patient's humor, treatment consisted of diet, blood-letting, and/or laxatives. Through the centuries it was discovered that cancer could occur anywhere in the body, but humor-theory based treatment remained popular until the 19th century with the discovery of cells.

Though treatment remained the same, in the 16th and 17th centuries it became more acceptable for doctors to dissect bodies to discover the cause of death. The German professor Wilhelm Fabry believed that breast cancer was caused by a milk clot in a mammary duct. The Dutch professor Francois de la Boe Sylvius, a follower of Descartes, believed that all disease was the outcome of chemical processes, and that acidic lymph fluid was the cause of cancer. His contemporary Nicolaes Tulp believed that cancer was a poison that slowly spreads, and concluded that it was contagious.

With the widespread use of the microscope in the 18th century, it was discovered that the 'cancer poison' spread from the primary tumor through the lymph nodes to other sites ("metastasis"). The use of surgery to treat cancer had poor results due to problems with hygiene. The renowned Scottish surgeon Alexander Monro (1697-1767) saw only 2 breast tumor patients out of 60 surviving surgery for two years. In the 19th century, asepsis improved surgical hygiene and as the survival statistics went up, surgical removal of the tumor became the primary treatment for cancer. With the exception of William Coley who in the late 1800s felt that the rate of cure after surgery had been higher before asepsis (and who injected bacteria into tumors with mixed results), cancer treatment became dependent on the individual art of the surgeon at removing a tumor. During the same period, the idea that the body was made up of various tissues, that in turn were made up of millions of cells, laid rest the humor-theories about chemical imbalances in the body. The age of cellular pathology was born.

When Marie Curie and Pierre Curie discovered radiation at the end of the 19th century, they stumbled upon the first effective non-surgical cancer treatment. With radiation came also the first signs of multi-disciplinary approaches to cancer treatment. The surgeon was no longer operating in isolation, but worked together with hospital radiologists to help patients. The complications in communication this brought, along with the necessity of the patient's treatment in a hospital facility rather than at home, also created a parallel process of compiling patient data into hospital files, which in turn led to the first statistical patient studies.

Cancer patient treatment and studies were restricted to individual physicians' practices until WWII, when medical research centers discovered that there were large international differences in disease incidence. This insight drove national public health bodies to make it possible to compile health data across practises and hospitals, a process that many countries do today. The Japanese medical community observed that the bone marrow of bomb victims in Hiroshima and Nagasaki was completely destroyed. They concluded that diseased bone marrow could also be destroyed with radiation, and this led to the discovery of bone marrow transplants for leukemia. Since WWII, trends in cancer treatment are to improve on a micro-level the existing treatment methods, standardize them, and globalize them as a way to find cures through epidemiology and international partnerships.






Latest Cancer News:



Cancer 'Vaccine' for Advanced Disease Passes Early Hurdle


Title: Cancer 'Vaccine' for Advanced Disease Passes Early Hurdle Category: Health News Created: 4/16/2014 2:36:00 PM Last Editorial Review: 4/17/2014 12:00:00 AM Cancer Doctors Plan to Compare Value of Expensive Drugs


The world's largest organization of cancer doctors plans to rate the cost effectiveness of expensive oncology drugs, and will urge physicians to use the ratings to discuss the costs with their patients. The American Society of Clinical Oncology is weighing efficacy, side effects and price using an algorithm to determine the relative value of drugs, focusing first on therapies for advanced cases ... Cancer surgery halted indefinitely


Keyhole surgery for upper gastrointestinal cancer is stopped indefinitely at a Kent hospital after the deaths of five patients. Morris Animal Foundation Launches Unite to Fight Pet Cancer Campaign


DENVER -- Cancer is a disease that touches many of us, and unknown to most, it ends the lives of dogs and cats far too soon. Morris Animal Foundation, a nonprofit organization that invests in science that ... Breast cancer: Asian women breaching a taboo subject | Fay Wertheimer


Asian survivors of breast cancer are helping to break silence in their community and improve services through a support group for patients and healthcare professionals During the nine long years between her breast cancer diagnosis and the launch of an Asian breast cancer support group, 65-year-old survivor Rekha Mehra had found no adequate emotional support specifically targeted at women from ... Chronic inflammation may be linked to aggressive prostate cancer


( American Association for Cancer Research ) The presence of chronic inflammation in benign prostate tissue was associated with high-grade, or aggressive, prostate cancer, and this association was found even in those with low prostate-specific antigen levels, according to a study published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research. Inslee weighs big increase in cancer risk for fish eaters


OLYMPIA ? How much risk of cancer from eating fish is too much? Gov. Jay Inslee has privately advanced a proposal that would likely pass legal muster but which worries Indian tribes and environmentalists. It would allow a tenfold increase in allowable cancer risk under the law. Unraveling the 'black ribbon' around lung cancer


A study consisting of lung cancer patients, primarily smokers between the ages of 51 to 79 years old, is shedding more light on the stigma often felt by these patients, the emotional toll it can have and how health providers can help. Previous research has shown that lung cancer carries a stigma. Because lung cancer is primarily linked to smoking behaviors, the public's opinion of the disease ... Cancer Patients To Test Personalised Drugs


A unique new trial could bring hope to thousands of lung cancer patients in the UK by targeting their tumours with more personalised medication. Cancer Research UK is teaming up with pharmaceutical companies and the NHS to launch the "National Lung Matrix" trial this summer. The patient could then be given the opportunity to try out a specific drug designed to target their type of cancer ... Brain Cancer Global Clinical Trials Review, H1, 2014


LONDON, April 17, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportbuyer.com has added a new market research report: Brain Cancer Global Clinical Trials Review, H1, 2014 http://www.reportbuyer.com/pharma_healthcare/drug_discovery/brain_cancer_global_clinical_trials_review_h1_2014.html ...


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